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Skin pigmentation, also known as hyperpigmentation is a condition characterised by the formation of skin patches that are darker than the surrounding skin tissue. Types include freckles, melasma, age spots, birthmarks and liver spots.
What is Skin Pigmentation
Melanin determines the colour or tone of human skin. When the cells that produce melanin become damaged or unhealthy skin pigmentation variability occurs. Problems with excessive skin pigmentation are referred to as hyper skin pigmentation. The term refers to all conditions characterised by the formation of skin patches that are darker than the surrounding tissue.
Types of Skin Pigmentation
The dark spots usually occur in visible areas on the hands, the face and the neck so effective treatment options are often sought.
The most common symptoms of this condition, regardless of the contributing factors, include:
Skin Pigmentation Causes
Skin pigmentation disorders can be triggered by various internal or external factors which can contribute to the formation of dark spots. These include:
How to Treat Skin Pigmentation
The Cosmetic Medicine Centre offers several pigment treatments depending on your individual needs, which will be determined by the doctor at consultation. Treatment options include Diolite and Picoway laser, as well as BBL® and Tixel skin rejuvenation.