Acne is one of the most common skin complaints in Australia, affecting around 85 percent of Australians aged 15 to 24, although its reach is far wider. Acne often continues into adulthood, with figures suggesting 15 percent of people in their 20s and 30s are sufferers.
What is acne?
Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands under the skin produce too much sebum and epithelial cells fail to undergo certain natural changes, so they do not shed normally.
Pimples, pustules and papules develop when a follicle is blocked due to build-up of dead skin cells and sebum, which causes a plug. This is often compounded by bacteria, which leads to inflammation and can result in scarring.
What causes acne?
Acne is triggered by several related factors that can be broken down into two categories: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic factors are genetics and the body’s response and sensitivity to hormones, over which we have little control. Extrinsic factors are a wide and comprehensive range that we have much more control over, such as diet, misuse of skincare and makeup products, smoking and stress.
A combination approach is the most effective way to help clear and control acne. This may include topical and oral medications, specialised skincare, and a healthy diet and lifestyle.
Light therapy, such as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) and Light Emitting Diode (LED), is also used to effectively treat acne, while fractionated radiofrequency may treat acne scarring. Light therapy targets the bacteria that cause acne inflammation while also improving skin texture and lessening the appearance of acne scarring.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a leading treatment of acne. It uses light therapy in combination with a light-sensitive medication to speed up skin cell turnover, reduce oil production and fight bacterial infection.
Similarly, laser treatment works by damaging the sebaceous glands, lessening the amount of oil they produce.
Medical-grade peels and microdermabrasion are also recommended for effective acne management either alone or in combination with other treatments.
Our staff are trained in all modalities of acne treatment and management. Contact the Centre today to arrange a complimentary skincare consultation with one of our registered nurses.
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